Hey Brenda, I hope all is good. I need an outline for the research paper you are working on. The outline should be 2 full pages exclude the cover page and references and based on the annotated bibliography findings. I’ve uploaded the AB for you. Thank you and if you have any question let me know.  20160212220634annotated_bibliography_best_practices_in_creating_effective_organizational_culture.docxBest Practices in Creating an Effective Organizational Culture
Annotated Bibliography
Best Practices in Creating an Effective Organizational Culture
Best Practices in Creating an Effective Organizational Culture
Ahmed, A, (2012). Impact of organizational culture on performance management practices in
Pakistan. Business Intelligence Journal, 5(1): 50-55
Ahmed finds effective performance management is essential to an effective
organizational culture. A study was conducted on employees from COMSATS Institute of
Information Technology to determine what creates an effective organizational culture. The
research found consistency and adaptability were key components of an effective organizational
culture as well a positive relationship with the performance management practices (Ahmed,
Aydin, B. & Ceylan, A. (2009). The role of organizational culture on effectiveness. Ekonomika A
Management, 3(1): 33-45
Aydin & Ceylan discuss the role of organizational culture in employee effectiveness.
Every employee in an organization plays a specific role when in its totality creates the
organizational process. The effectiveness of each employee will be dependent on the culture. The
relationship between the leadership and the employee shapes the type of culture that will emerge.
Effective leaders help to shape the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of employees which in turn
determine the type of performance they will display. Research has shown employee satisfaction
is a key indicator of an effective organizational culture.
Chuang, S. (2013). Essential skills for leadership effectiveness in diverse workplace
Development. Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development, 6(1): 2-18
Best Practices in Creating an Effective Organizational Culture
Chuang discusses the important role leader’s play in developing an effective diverse,
organizational culture. Leadership is a key component for the development of organizational
cultures that embrace diversity. The leadership who understands and embraces a diverse
organization will establish a more tolerant work culture. Diverse leader are better equipped to
deal with conflict and cope with the changes involved in the development of a more diverse
Khana, M. A., & Afzalb, H. (2011). High level of education builds up strong relationship
Between organizational culture and organization performance in Pakistan. The
International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22(7), 1387-1400.
Khana and Afzalb discuss the need for organizational knowledge to understand the
organizational culture. Understanding organization culture provides information on
organizational performance. Organizations with strong, dynamic cultures have the competitive
advantage over organization who have not developed there organizational culture. Organizations
with an effective culture have the advantage of high performing employees and more diversified
staff members.
Owen, K. et al. (2001). Creating and sustaining the high performance organization. Managing
Service Quality, 11(1): 10-21
When organizations are high successful, they have a competent, highly productive staff.
Organizational competence develops from the support of an effective organizational culture.
Organizations with a strong effective organization culture will enjoy long-term success. An
effective organizational culture begins with a clear vision, mission and strategy understood and
Best Practices in Creating an Effective Organizational Culture
embraced by the employees. An effective organizational culture is also adequately aligned with
the market in which they operate.
Mitchel, M. & Yates, D. (2002). How to Use Your Organizational Culture as a Competitive
Tool. Nonprofit World, 20(2): 33
An organizational culture involves the behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and opinions of
workers towards their company, a high performing culture consist of employees who are
productive and driven. The culture of an organization shapes how employees view the
organization and how they drive employees to be effective in their role. Employees working in
an effective organizational culture are clear about organizational goals and are given the tools to
reach them.
Pulakos, E. et al. (2012). Building a High-Performance Culture: A Fresh Look at Performance
Management. SHRM Foundation. Retrieved February 12, 2016 from
Pulakos and associates discuss the importance of building a high-performance culture.
Every organization is focused on the performance of employees in order to improve their
productivity. Research has linked high performing employees to performance-based cultures
supported by performance management. Performance management creates a culture focused on
high expectations for employees, skill training, and career development opportunities. Effective
performance is driven by good leadership and proper performance management.
Tellis, G. J., Prabhu, J. C., & Chandy, R. K. (2008). Radical innovation across nations: The pre-
Best Practices in Creating an Effective Organizational Culture
eminence of corporate culture. Journal of Marketing, 73(1): 3-23
Innovation has become the driving force behind corporate cultures across the globe.
Organizations who cannot keep pace with the rapid technological change cannot stay competitive
in market. It is essential in the 21st Century for organizations to create cultures driven by
innovation. These new innovations are important to the profitability of the organization which
directly relates to the performance of the employees.
Tsai, Y. (2011). Relationship between Organizational Culture, Leadership Behavior and Job
Satisfaction. BMC Health Service Research, 11(1): 98
Tsai discusses the organizational culture and its relationship to the effectiveness of the
organization. Organizational culture is defined as the beliefs and values that have existed in an
organization for a long time, and to the beliefs of the staff and the foreseen value of their work
that will influence their attitudes and behavior (Tsai, 2011). The type of culture that develops is
the result of the leadership and their ability to properly motivate employees to be a success.
When employees are not satisfied, the organizational culture cannot be effective.
Yu, L. (2007). Measuring the culture of innovation. MIT Sloan Management Review, 7(1): 1
Yu discusses the necessity of innovation in the modern organizational culture. Innovation
drives the modern organization and must become a necessary part of the organizational culture.
When companies embrace innovation, it sets the example for employees. Not only do customers
benefit from the innovated processes which improve productivity and quality, the employee
benefits when these innovated processes drive better performance.

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