Write a Persuasive Speech on the topic below;Topic: Should
the morning-after pill be banned?
of Speech: Persuasive Speech (write for or against) 2. Organizational
Pattern: Use the Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
3. References: Cite five (5) references throughout the speech
4. Outline: Full
Sentence (outline consists of 4 pages – 4th page is the reference
page only) NOTES
MONROE’S MOTIVATED SEQUENCE
STEP: Get the attention of your audience. This can be done with a
detailed story, shocking example, dramatic statistic, quote, etc. This is
part of your introduction (in addition to stating your thesis, giving a preview
of your main points, mentioning your credibility, and telling your audience why
the topic is of concern to them).
STEP: Show the problem exists; that it is a significant problem, and that
it won’t go away by itself. Document your statements with statistics,
A. Statement of Need – clear statement of
what the problem entails.
B. Illustration of Need – stories to
give listeners an initial idea of the problem’s seriousness and scope.
C. Ramification – give numbers
D. Pointing – why this
audience should care (“we are all high school students”)
STEP: Offer solutions for the problem you have shown exist
in the Need Step. Address and refute possible objections that might be
presented against your solution, but concentrate on positive aspects of your
A. Statement of
Solution – Statement of the attitude, belief, or action that you wish the
audience to adopt to solve the problem.
B. Explanation – Explain your
solution to the audience
C. Demonstration – Demonstrate to
your audience how your solution logically meets the problem pointed out in the
D. Workability- present examples showing
that this solution has worked effectively in the past or that this solution has
been advocated by experts in the field.
E. Meeting Objections -Answer possible
objectives that might be raised
A. With Plan-what
good things will happen with your plan?
B. Without Plan-what bad things
will happen if your plan is not adopted?
STEP: Offer alternatives to your audience that they can do personally
to help solve the problem you have shown exist. Motivate us to get out
and do something! Wrap up loose ends by giving a review of the thesis,
repeating main points, and closing with an impact. Again, be very specific and very realistic.
A. What the
audience themselves can do to solve the problem
B. What YOU will do or what you are
doing to solve the problemSAMPLE OUTLINE
Attention Getter: How do you feel when you have to wait for
something you really, really want? What if it was something you couldn’t live
without? Well, my cousin was five years old when he found out he needed a new
To persuade my audience to donate their organs and tissues when they die and to
act upon their decision to donate.
Overview: Today I’d like to
talk to you about first, the need for organ donors in our area, second, how you
can become an organ donor after you die, and finally, how your family and organ
donor recipients benefit from your donation.
with the audience: One of the people
on the waiting list for an organ transplant might be someone you know.
The need is constantly growing for organ donors and it is very simple to be an
organ donor when you die.
I’ll begin by telling you about
the need for organ donors.
I. People around the world but also right here
in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Illinois, need organ transplants and they
need our help.
The problem is that there is a lack of organs and organ donors who make organ
There is a need for many organs and tissues such as the heart, lungs, liver,
kidneys, pancreas, bone, skin, heart valves, and blood vessels (Iowa Statewide
Organ Procurement Organization undated brochure).
A new name is added to the national waiting list every 16 minutes. That means
that 3 people will be added to the list during the time we are in class today.
I’m sure that you can see the need for people like
you to donate your organs. The majority of this class has already said they
would like to donate their organs when they die. But you might be asking, well,
how can I make sure my organs are donated after I die? Let me tell you.
This is how you go about making sure your organs are donated.
A. Talk with
your family about your decision. They will be involved in the donation
arrangements when you die. If they do not know your wishes of becoming a donor,
your wishes may never be carried out.
B. Mark your
driver’s license so that your license indicates your intent to donate. Each
Fill out, sign and carry a uniform donor’s card with you.
2. This donor card says what organs you wish to have donated and
also has places for your family members to sign as witnesses after you have
discussed your decision with them (Gundersen Lutheran Hospital [LaCrosse, WI]
You can see that it isn’t difficult to be an organ
donor. Now let’s look at what may happen if you choose to donate your organs
and what may happen if you choose not to.
donation benefits both the donor’s family and the recipients.
A. If you do
donate your organs, your family and the people who receive your organs might
benefit in a similar way like this family. A seventeen year old died of head
injuries in a car accident. His mom decided to donate his organs. His heart
went to a prison chaplain, his kidneys went to a mother of 5 children and a
Vietnam vet. The Vietnam vet is “energetic” and finally is getting
his college degree. The teenager gave life to others and his family feels a
sense of satisfaction and comfort that other lives have been touched by his (University
of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics 1991 brochure).
problem arises when you are thinking about becoming a donor but never do
anything about it. Then, no one knows your wishes and your organs will not be
donated. The consequences of this are more people waiting for organs and there
will still be an incredible shortage of available organs.
Transition: As you can easily see, donating your
organs can be one of the most important decisions you ever make and also the
greatest gift you could ever give.
you about the need for organ donors in our area, how you can become an organ
donor after you die, and finally, how your family and organ recipients benefit
from your donation. You become a donor by talking to your family and making
sure they know you want to be a donor, fill out and sign a donor’s card, and
indicate your wishes on your driver’s license.
Connect back with the Audience: What if the person
waiting on the list needing an organ transplant was someone you loved? Imagine
if you had a brother or sister who had unexpectedly died and you were able to
meet the person who received their heart, for example. Think of the
satisfaction and possible comfort knowing that your brother or sister provided
life for somebody else.
Clincher/Call-to Action: I’m going to leave
you with a short message from Michael Jordan who is a sponsor for the Iowa Life
Gift Coalition on Organ and Tissue Donor Awareness and appears in their 1996
brochure. “Please make the decision to become an organ and tissue donor. Remember:
Share your life. Share your decision.”
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