I have completed half of it but I’m with second half. I need help with the Research plan and Qualifications part. I have uploaded my Proposal and 2 proposal sample that my instructor provided.I’m an Industrial engineering student < that would help with the qualification part Thank you in advance! propsal.docxproposal_sample_1.docproposal_sample_2.docxDear Jim Lukso Background The current recycling program at Lowe’s Inc. is economically not efficient, and causing Lowe’s Inc. to lose millions every year on pallets, cardboard, and wraps. Lowe’s Inc. has 15 regional distribution centers across the United States ranging from 1.2 million square feet to 1.5 million square feet. Each distribution center services approximately 120 to 140 retail stores in the surrounding states. Lowe’s tractor-trailers are used to products from distribution centers to Lowe’s retail stores. Each of theses distribution centers uses a huge amount of pallets, shrink plastic wraps, and cardboard in order to safely ship products to the stores. After products are shipped to Lowe’s retail stores from the distribution center, wooden pallets, cardboard, and plastic shrink-wrap are returned back to the Lowe’s distribution center in empty tractor-trailers. Currently, there has been no standard recycling procedure adopted across all of the distribution centers. The Departments of Finance and Recycling are trying to enhance the current recycling program and make it more economically efficient. This proposal will outline the problems that are making the recycling program not economically efficient, and the steps that need to be taken in order to improve the recycling program at Lowe’s Inc. I request your approval to write a formal report detailing the potential enhancements on the current Lowe’s recycling program, that will help the company to save money. Problem There area three main problems that make the current recycling program not efficient. Frist, Lowe’s spends a significant amount of money purchasing new pallets from vendors. They spend about $9131.20 every year on new pallets. These pallets are made of wood and the average number of times that the wooden pallet is used for shipping products is between seven to ten times. After that it will be considered as a bad pallet and is sent to a recycling vendor for money. There are many issues that the company experiences with the wooden pallets; the service life of a wooden pallet is the primary problem out of them all. Labor is the second problem, Lowe’s is using in-house employees which is not the most efficient option. In house employees have higher salary compared workers and require benefits such as health insurance, which can be costly for an employer. Lastly, the layout of the current recycling center is one of the main problems. Poor planet layout would cause long processing time thus low production. Research plan Qualifications Dear Jim Lukso I am writing this letter to request your approval to write a formal report on the topic of floodplain management in Old Lycoming Township. Old Lycoming Township is a township of Lycoming County located outside of the city of Williamsport in central Pennsylvania. In January of 1996, a devastating flood swept through this area resulting in millions of dollars in damage, numerous fatalities, and an awakened sense of insecurity in the residents of this township. The township, located along Lycoming Creek (a tributary of the West Branch of the Susquehanna River), has made attempts in the past to prevent flooding but these attempts have largely failed owing to erroneous assumptions about the flood peaks. This proposal will outline the perilous flood hazard issues facing the residents of Old Lycoming Township and will describe my research plans for investigating the nature and context of the problem. I will offer my plans for developing possible solutions to the problem, discuss my qualifications for conducting the research, and will provide a schedule on which I will base my research activities. The Problem During a three-day period of January 1996, intense rainfall on top of heavy snowpack combined with unseasonably warm temperatures to produce massive flash flooding in Old Lycoming Township. This tragic event is only one example of the many flood events that have devastated this area in recent history. In 1889, a flood of gigantic proportions permanently crippled the vibrant logging industry in Williamsport. Subsequent floods in 1936, 1955, 1972, and 1975 continued to remind residents of the threat they faced by living in a floodplain. The floodplain skirting the west branch of the Susquehanna River that runs through Williamsport attracted settlement because of its fertile soils, level surface, scenic beauty and easy access to water and transportation. Ideally, residents and developers sought to enjoy the wonderful fisheries, scenic view, and flat, fertile land provided by the river and its tributary streams without risk of flooding. The reality of the situation is that residing in the flood plain has left home and business owners vulnerable time and time again to the disastrous floods that continually cripple the region’s economy and communities. Over the past thirty years, Old Lycoming Township has publicly worked to prevent the property damage and loss of life associated with flooding. The initiatives they have enacted have been reactive and have focused on structural approaches such as building detention dams, levees, and dikes. I believe that these efforts are short-term solutions that do not necessarily work to prevent future damage or account for the large rainfall events that ultimately cause serious flooding. I feel the enactment of a long-term, comprehensive plan that focuses on channel monitoring, community education, and non-structural flood prevention approaches will more effectively prevent future community damage from floods and will help hazard prevention policy move toward becoming proactive rather than reactive. I propose to write a formal report outlining the historic flood problem in Old Lycoming Township and proposing possible flood prevention policy changes that will allow the community to more effectively prevent costly property damage and unnecessary loss of life in future floods. The report will be presented to Jerry Walls and Mary Ellen Rogers at the Lycoming County Planning Commission as well as Janet Hall, the township supervisor for Old Lycoming Township and other members of the township government. Research Plan The problem of flooding in central Pennsylvania is a well-defined one. The focus of my research for my formal report will not be on defining the problem but on reassessing past solutions to the problem using existing monies, data, and infrastructures so that new, effective solutions may be enacted. Following the 1996 flood in Williamsport, Lycoming County received a grant from the Federal Emergency Management Agency in the amount of three million dollars. Working in conjunction with the Lycoming County Planning Commission, I propose to utilize a portion of these funds to establish two stream gauging stations at either end of Lycoming Creek. These small, relatively inexpensive structures will enable the planners and policy makers in Old Lycoming Township to collect valuable data on stream discharge, velocity, and stage (the elevation of the water surface). The collection and analysis of this stream data will provide the foundation for studies of the calculation of the flood hazard in this township. Utilizing the data from the gauging station, stream hydrographs (plots of discharge rate against time) may be produced that will provide vital data in assessing runoff rates during storm events. This data on runoff is invaluable in assessing the flood threat of a region. The second step of my proposed research will be to utilize the already existing Geographic Information Systems (GIS) database and floodplain mapping system of the Lycoming County Planning Commission to notify residents along Lycoming Creek of the possible flood risk of the area. Lycoming County planning officials have already established digital maps of Lycoming Creek and the homes in Old Lycoming Township. These maps and data are available to the public, but only upon request. Many homeowners do not think to ask the county for such information and as a result, they remain ignorant of the risk they face by living in a floodplain. I propose to work with the Lycoming County Planning Commission and Old Lycoming Township supervisors organize public meetings where flood risk assessments and floodplain mapping results are explained and discussed with community members. The public awareness of this knowledge will help homeowners and developers make better decisions about where to locate present and future residences. The final step in my proposed research will be to work with the Old Lycoming Township government to establish “greenways” along Lycoming Creek to insure that the development of new businesses, residences, or impervious surfaces (i.e. asphalt and roofing materials) will not be a part of future development of this area. Greenways such as parks and recreations areas that include grass, trees, and other vegetation would not only provide a service to the community but would act to absorb rainfall and thus lessen the amount of water inundating communities during flood events. Impervious surfaces prevent absorption into the soil and thus significantly add to runoff and thus the amount of water available to flood communities. Therefore, greenways along the creek would provide a service to the community, help to prevent the building of future homes along the creek by acting as public areas, and would help to lessen the damaging effects of floods by decreasing storm runoff. The implementation of these three steps will help to raise community awareness and involvement in hazard prevention issues by building upon existing initiatives. For this reason, I feel that my audience, Jerry Walls, Lycoming County Planning Commission Head, and Mary Ellen Rogers, Lycoming County Hazard Prevention Officer, will find my proposed ideas feasible and effective toward preventing future flood damage. Schedule February 18- February 24: Wait for Proposal Acceptance; Make Preliminary Phone Calls February 25- March 3: Interview with Jerry Walls, Lycoming County Planning Commission Head March 4- March 10: Spring Break March 11- March 17: Interview with Mary Ellen Rogers, Lycoming County Hazard Prevention Officer March 18- March 24: Interview with Janet Hall, Old Lycoming Township supervisor March 25- March 31: Attend Old Lycoming Township Government Meeting; Present Proposed Ideas for Discussion April 1- April 7: Compile Interview Data and Discussions April 8- April 14: Writing and Revision of Formal Report April 15- April 21: Peer Review of Formal Report April 22- April 25: Final Writing and Revision of Formal Report Qualifications As part of my undergraduate thesis work, I traveled to Old Lycoming Township in order to speak with residents and government officials about the flooding problem in their area. Through my conversations with these people and my academic studies of hydrology, flood hazard calculation, water resource management, and environmental planning, I have gathered an understanding of the processes involved with stream channels, their flooding cycles, and the human interface with this system. As a result of my research and classes, I have acquired not only a technical and historical understanding of the situation but an intense personal interest in the subject of flood hazards and the complex set of factors associated with defining and preventing such hazards. I sincerely believe that this research plan will help to raise community awareness of the flood risk in Old Lycoming Township and will help to prevent future damages from floods. I ask that you grant me permission to carry out this research so that I may use my skills and experiences to assist this township in achieving community safety. Sincerely, Andrew D. ***** Dear Jim Lukso Economic efficiency and environmental quality are issues that companies and organizations should greatly consider, especially organizations housed within our state government. When there exists the potential to increase both economic efficiency and environmental quality by implementing new technologies, one should research the benefits and costs of this proposed change to determine the best strategy for the company or organization to adopt. Within the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection’s (PA DEP) Southeast Regional Office there exists such potential for improvement. The director(s) of the PA DEP Southeast Regional Office should be notified regarding this potential economic efficiency and environmental quality improvement. The PA DEP Southeast Regional Office is located in the Lee Park Industrial Complex in Conshohocken, Pennsylvania. The current lighting system of this office consists of a non-uniform setup of standard 4 foot, 8 foot, and U-tube type fluorescent light bulbs, and incandescent light bulbs. New energy efficient light bulbs exist that could decrease the amount of energy consumed per bulb for both the fluorescent and incandescent light bulbs. Lower energy consumption would also lead to lower energy costs, thus improving economic efficiency. These new light bulbs could also indirectly improve environmental quality by decreasing the amount of harmful carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and nitrogen oxide (NO2) emitted into the atmosphere from the burning of the fossil fuels used to generate energy. The purpose of this proposal is to outline the steps that need to be taken in order to investigate the potential for improved economic efficiency and environmental quality in the lighting systems of the PA DEP Southeast Regional Office. I request your approval to write a formal report that will be submitted to the director(s) of the PA DEP Southeast Regional Office detailing the potential improvements in economic efficiency and environmental quality from the implementation of these new energy efficient light bulb technologies. Problem The Lee Park Industrial Complex is not the ideal location for a governmental agency’s regional headquarters. This location is within a complex that was converted from an old industrial plant into a multipurpose industrial complex that also houses many other companies. This poses a problem for the lighting scheme for the PA DEP’s office. Currently, the lighting system setup is composed of an array of different lights, each being the standard, inefficient light bulbs. The current light bulbs are not as efficient as the new light bulbs that have been introduced to the market. Ideally, a government organization that promotes the adoption of energy efficient and environmentally friendly products should use such products in their offices. With that said, the PA DEP Southeast Regional Office should consider adopting the new energy efficient light bulbs into their current lighting systems. But, as is the case with most governmental operations, budgets are tight and changes in the lighting systems might not be the most pressing issue that this regional office needs to consider at this time. In reality, the current lighting system, albeit inefficient, functions properly and provides the necessary light to workers throughout the day. But, if the current lighting system were to stay as is two major issues would ensue; the money that the department could be saving would ultimately go to waste, and increased amounts of the before mentioned harmful gasses would be emitted into the atmosphere. These two issues would ultimately persist until an improvement in the current lighting system was made. For consistency and long run economic and environmental improvement the Southeast Regional Office director(s) should consider the adoption of improved light bulbs. With this said, I propose that the PA DEP Southeast Regional Office director(s) further investigate the implementation of the new energy efficient light bulbs into their office, with the ultimate end being a total light bulb changeover. Research Plan The first step in the investigation process would be to perform an audit of the current lighting system of the Southeast Regional Office. This would entail a manual count of each light bulb in the PA DEP’s office section. At the same time, the light bulbs would be examined to determine the amount of energy necessary for their operation. After the collection of this data is complete, a spreadsheet containing the final audit tallies would be compiled. Next, research on the new energy efficient light bulbs would need to be conducted. Prices, energy consumption, and additional requirements needed for the implementation of the new light bulbs must be determined. Searches could be conducted on the Internet or by contacting local light bulb carriers. This information should also be compiled into a spreadsheet form. Information regarding the emissions of CO2, SO2, and NO2 from the energy used by both the current and new light bulbs would also researched. Once the amounts of gas emissions have been determined, the current and new light bulbs could be compared to each other in terms of their respective amounts of gas emissions caused by their energy usage. Once all of the current and new light bulb data has been researched and entered into their respective spreadsheets, cost, energy consumption, and gas emission comparisons can be made. These comparisons should reveal the initial and long-term effects of staying with the current lighting system and implementing the new efficient lighting technologies. The comparisons should provide sufficient evidence to either stay with the current lighting system or to implement a change to energy efficient light bulbs. Schedule Feb. 15 – Submit Proposal Feb. 18 – March 1 – Conduct lighting audit of the PA DEP Southeast Regional Office and create corresponding spreadsheet March 4 - 8 – Spring Break March 11 - 22 – Research energy efficient light bulbs and create corresponding spreadsheet March 25 – 27 – Prepare Progress Report March 28 – Submit Progress Report Apr. 1 – 5 – Research CO2, SO2, and NO2 gas emissions and compare current and new light bulbs in terms of gas emissions from energy usage Apr. 8 – 15 – Compile all data into one all-encompassing spreadsheet in order to compare cost, energy consumption, and gas emissions from current and new light bulbs; prepare final recommendation based on comparisons. Apr. 16 & 18 – Oral Presentation Apr. 19 – 24 – Prepare Feasibility Report Apr. 25 – Submit Feasibility Report * Note: Dates reflect only weekdays as the PA DEP is closed on weekends. Qualifications As an intern for the PA DEP’s Southeast Regional Office of Pollution Prevention and Compliance Assistance (OPPCA) I have seen the potential for energy efficient improvement firsthand. My duties as an OPPCA intern included conducting lighting audits for area schools and universities. It was my job to determine if cost, energy consumption, and gas emissions could decrease by implementing new energy efficient light bulbs. I have been trained by the OPPCA department to both conduct lighting systems and compare the compiled data in order to determine the best recommendation for future lighting systems operation. With my previous training and background in lighting systems, I feel that I am capable to undertake an investigation into the potential energy efficient and environmental quality improvements. I am also an undergraduate student in the Environmental and Renewable Resource Economics major at the Ohio State University. My studies and understanding of environmental issues have lead me to pursue the most efficient path in my personal work and the work that I do at my place of employment. I feel that it is imperative for initiative to be taken in order to best preserve our environment while maintaining economic efficiency, when possible. In this instance, I feel that it would be worth my time and effort to save the PA DEP’s Southeast Regional Office money and energy while also decreasing the amount of harmful gas emitted into the atmosphere. I feel that the proposed investigation would yield positive results. If, in fact, the potential for increased economic efficiency and environmental quality exists there should be efforts made to evaluate such a claim. Please grant permission to go forth with the investigation of the potential for improved economic efficiency and environmental quality in the lighting systems of the PA DEP Southeast Regional Office. Thank you in advance for your time and consideration. Respectfully yours, Erin M. **** Purchase answer to see full attachment




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