Length: 500 words minimumYou should analyze “sailing to Byzantium”. Identify a specific theme or aspect of the poem that interests you and compose a thesis about it. Your paper should explain and develop your thesis using evidence from the poem.(PLEASE ONT ONLY REPEAT YOUR IDEA, YOU NEED BRING NEW IDEA TO DEVELOP IT)With this paper your are to find a secondary source about your poem or poet in one of the university library databases and use it in your paper. You should cite this source at leas twice in the paper, and it should be in your Works Cited list along with an entry for the poem you are discussing.Sailing to ByzantiumW. B. Yeats, 1865 – 1939That is no country for old men. The young
In one another’s arms, birds in the trees
—Those dying generations—at their song,
The salmon-falls, the mackerel-crowded seas,
Fish, flesh, or fowl, commend all summer long
Whatever is begotten, born, and dies.
Caught in that sensual music all neglect
Monuments of unageing intellect.
An aged man is but a paltry thing,
A tattered coat upon a stick, unless
Soul clap its hands and sing, and louder sing
For every tatter in its mortal dress,
Nor is there singing school but studying
Monuments of its own magnificence;
And therefore I have sailed the seas and come
To the holy city of Byzantium.
O sages standing in God’s holy fire
As in the gold mosaic of a wall,
Come from the holy fire, perne in a gyre,
And be the singing-masters of my soul.
Consume my heart away; sick with desire
And fastened to a dying animal
It knows not what it is; and gather me
Into the artifice of eternity.
Once out of nature I shall never take
My bodily form from any natural thing,
But such a form as Grecian goldsmiths make
Of hammered gold and gold enamelling
To keep a drowsy Emperor awake;
Or set upon a golden bough to sing
To lords and ladies of Byzantium
Of what is past, or passing, or to come.Please check my uploaded photo, those are an example for this paper. Please writing like this way.home
Professor James (Professor Cooper) akabind,
7 October 2015
Lost Innocence in
Robert Frost’s “Nothing Gold Can Stay”
Most of the lines in Robert Frost’s brief poem “Nothing Gold Can
Stay” focus on nature: the changing of the seasons and the fading of
dawn into day. The poem’s opening line asserts that the first blossoms
of spring are more precious than the leaves that follow. Likewise, dawn
is more special than day. Though Frost’s subject seems to be nature, the
reader soon realizes that his real subject is human nature. As babies we
are all perfectly innocent, but as time passes, we can’t help but lose that
happy innocence. In “Nothing Gold Can Stay,” Frost makes a bold claim:
sin, suffering, and loss are inevitable because the passage of time causes
everyone to fall from grace.
The poem begins with a deceptively simple sentence: “Nature’s first
green is gold.” The subject seems to be the first, delicate leaves of spring
which are less green and more golden than summer leaves. However, the
states the main
poem goes on to say, “Her early leaf’s a flower” (3), indicating that Frost
is describing the first blossoms of spring. In fact, he’s describing both the
new leaves and blossoms. Both are as rare and precious as the mineral
gold. They are precious because they don’t last long; the early gold of
spring blossoms is nature’s “hardest hue to hold” (2). Early spring is an
example of nature in its perfect state, and perfection is impossible to hold
on to. To the poem’s speaker, in fact, the colors of early spring seem to last
only an hour. When poets write of seasons, they often also are commenting
on the life cycle. To make a statement that spring can’t last more than
an hour implies that a person’s youth (often symbolically associated with
spring) is all too short. Therefore, the poem implies that innocent youth,
(or warrant) is
like spring, lasts for only the briefest time.
While Frost takes four lines to describe the decline of the spring
blossoms, he picks up the pace when he describes what happens next. The
line, “Then leaf subsides to leaf” (5) brings us from early spring through
summer and fall, compressing three seasons into a single line. Just as
time seems to pass slowly when we are children, and then much more
quickly when we grow up, the poem moves quickly once the first golden
Significant moment is past. The word “subsides” feels important. The golden blossoms
en els looked and delicate leaves of spring subside, or sink to a lower level, meaning
they become less special and beautiful.
Though Frost is writing about nature, his real subject is
humanity. As mentioned above, in literature, spring often represents
writer enhanced youth. Similarly, summer symbolizes young adulthood, autumn stands
for middle age, and winter represents old age. The adult stages of life are,
about literature for Frost, less precious than childhood, which passes very quickly, as we
later realize. Also, the innocence of childhood is, like those spring leaves,
precious as gold.
Frost shifts his view from the cycle of the seasons to the cycle of a
single day to make a similar point. Just as spring turns to summer, “So
dawn goes down to day” (7). Like spring, dawn is unbelievably colorful
and beautiful but doesn’t last very long. Like “subsides,” the phrase “goes
down” implies that full daylight is actually a falling off from dawn. As
beautiful as daylight is, it’s ordinary, while dawn is special because it is
Among these natural images, one line stands out: “So Eden sank to
grief” (6). This line is the only one in the poem that deals directly with
human beings. Eden may have been a garden (a part of nature) but it
represents a state of mind—perfect innocence. In the traditional religious
view, Adam and Eve chose to disobey God by eating an apple from the
tree of knowledge. They were presented with a choice: to be obedient and
remain in paradise forever, or to disobey God’s order. People often speak
of that first choice as “original sin.” In this religious view, “Eden sank to
grief” because the first humans chose to sin.
though it was as inevitable as
Frost, however, takes a different view. He compares the Fall of Man
the changing of spring to summer, as
the passage of time. The poem implies that no matter what Adam and
Eve did, they couldn’t remain in paradise. Original sin in Frost’s view
seems less a voluntary moral action than a natural, if unhappy sort of
maturation. The innocent perfection of the garden of Eden couldn’t
possibly last. The apple represents knowledge, so in a symbolic sense
God wanted Adam and Eve to stay unknowing, or innocent. But the
poem implies that it was inevitable that Adam and Eve would gain
knowledge and lose their innocence, becoming wiser but less perfect.
They lost Eden and encountered “grief,” the knowledge of suffering and
loss associated with the human condition. This is certainly true for the
rest of us human beings. As much as we might like to, we can’t stay
young or innocent forever.
Some people might view Frost’s poem as sacrilegious, because it
seems to say that Adam and Eve had no choice; everything in life is
doomed to fall. Growing less innocent and more knowing seems less a
choice in Frost’s view than a natural process like the changing of golden
blossoms to green leaves. “Eden sank to grief” not because we choose
to do evil things but because time takes away our innocence as we
encounter the suffering and loss of human existence. Frost suggests that
the real original sin is that time has to pass and we all must grow wiser
and less innocent.
Frost, Robert. “Nothing Gold Can Stay.” Backpack Literature: An Introduction
to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing. Ed. X. J. Kennedy and Dana
Gioia. 5th ed. New York: Pearson, 2016. 541. Print.
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