I need you to read this story in the file and answer the question in tow paragraphs ,in each paragraph at least 5 sentencesthis is the question((wining the lottery is sad 1-who do you sympathize with the most in the story ? sami_engl.pdf”The Lottery” (1948)
by Shirley Jackson
The morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer
day; the flowers were blossoming profusely and the grass was richly green. The people of
the village began to gather in the square, between the post office and the bank, around
ten o’clock; in some towns there were so many people that the lottery took two days and
had to be started on June 2th. but in this village, where there were only about three
hundred people, the whole lottery took less than two hours, so it could begin at ten
o’clock in the morning and still be through in time to allow the villagers to get home for
noon dinner.
The children assembled first, of course. School was recently over for the summer, and the
feeling of liberty sat uneasily on most of them; they tended to gather together quietly for
a while before they broke into boisterous play. and their talk was still of the classroom
and the teacher, of books and reprimands. Bobby Martin had already stuffed his pockets
full of stones, and the other boys soon followed his example, selecting the smoothest and
roundest stones; Bobby and Harry Jones and Dickie Delacroix– the villagers pronounced
this name “Dellacroy”–eventually made a great pile of stones in one corner of the square
and guarded it against the raids of the other boys. The girls stood aside, talking among
themselves, looking over their shoulders at rolled in the dust or clung to the hands of
their older brothers or sisters.
Soon the men began to gather. surveying their own children, speaking of planting and
rain, tractors and taxes. They stood together, away from the pile of stones in the corner,
and their jokes were quiet and they smiled rather than laughed. The women, wearing
faded house dresses and sweaters, came shortly after their menfolk. They greeted one
another and exchanged bits of gossip as they went to join their husbands. Soon the
women, standing by their husbands, began to call to their children, and the children came
reluctantly, having to be called four or five times. Bobby Martin ducked under his
mother’s grasping hand and ran, laughing, back to the pile of stones. His father spoke up
sharply, and Bobby came quickly and took his place between his father and his oldest
brother.
The lottery was conducted–as were the square dances, the teen club, the Halloween
program–by Mr. Summers. who had time and energy to devote to civic activities. He was
a round-faced, jovial man and he ran the coal business, and people were sorry for him.
because he had no children and his wife was a scold. When he arrived in the square,
carrying the black wooden box, there was a murmur of conversation among the villagers,
and he waved and called. “Little late today, folks.” The postmaster, Mr. Graves, followed
him, carrying a three- legged stool, and the stool was put in the center of the square and
Mr. Summers set the black box down on it. The villagers kept their distance, leaving a
space between themselves and the stool. and when Mr. Summers said, “Some of you
fellows want to give me a hand?” there was a hesitation before two men. Mr. Martin and
his oldest son, Baxter. came forward to hold the box steady on the stool while Mr.
Summers stirred up the papers inside it.
The original paraphernalia for the lottery had been lost long ago, and the black box now
resting on the stool had been put into use even before Old Man Warner, the oldest man in
town, was born. Mr. Summers spoke frequently to the villagers about making a new box,
but no one liked to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box.
There was a story that the present box had been made with some pieces of the box that
had preceded it, the one that had been constructed when the first people settled down to
make a village here. Every year, after the lottery, Mr. Summers began talking again about
a new box, but every year the subject was allowed to fade off without anything’s being
done.
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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson
The black box grew shabbier each year: by now it was no longer completely black but
splintered badly along one side to show the original wood color, and in some places
faded or stained.
Mr. Martin and his oldest son, Baxter, held the black box securely on the stool until Mr.
Summers had stirred the papers thoroughly with his hand. Because so much of the ritual
had been forgotten or discarded, Mr. Summers had been successful in having slips of
paper substituted for the chips of wood that had been used for generations. Chips of
wood, Mr. Summers had argued. had been all very well when the village was tiny, but now
that the population was more than three hundred and likely to keep on growing, it was
necessary to use something that would fit more easily into he black box. The night before
the lottery, Mr. Summers and Mr. Graves made up the slips of paper and put them in the
box, and it was then taken to the safe of Mr. Summers’ coal company and locked up until
Mr. Summers was ready to take it to the square next morning. The rest of the year, the
box was put way, sometimes one place, sometimes another; it had spent one year in Mr.
Graves’s barn and another year underfoot in the post office. and sometimes it was set on
a shelf in the Martin grocery and left there.
There was a great deal of fussing to be done before Mr. Summers declared the lottery
open. There were the lists to make up–of heads of families. heads of households in each
family. members of each household in each family. There was the proper swearing-in of
Mr. Summers by the postmaster, as the official of the lottery; at one time, some people
remembered, there had been a recital of some sort, performed by the official of the
lottery, a perfunctory. tuneless chant that had been rattled off duly each year; some
people believed that the official of the lottery used to stand just so when he said or sang
it, others believed that he was supposed to walk among the people, but years and years
ago this p3rt of the ritual had been allowed to lapse. There had been, also, a ritual salute,
which the official of the lottery had had to use in addressing each person who came up to
draw from the box, but this also had changed with time, until now it was felt necessary
only for the official to speak to each person approaching. Mr. Summers was very good at
all this; in his clean white shirt and blue jeans. with one hand resting carelessly on the
black box. he seemed very proper and important as he talked interminably to Mr. Graves
and the Martins.
Just as Mr. Summers finally left off talking and turned to the assembled villagers, Mrs.
Hutchinson came hurriedly along the path to the square, her sweater thrown over her
shoulders, and slid into place in the back of the crowd. “Clean forgot what day it was,”
she said to Mrs. Delacroix, who stood next to her, and they both laughed softly. “Thought
my old man was out back stacking wood,” Mrs. Hutchinson went on. “and then I looked
out the window and the kids was gone, and then I remembered it was the twentyseventh and came a-running.” She dried her hands on her apron, and Mrs. Delacroix said,
“You’re in time, though. They’re still talking away up there.”
Mrs. Hutchinson craned her neck to see through the crowd and found her husband and
children standing near the front. She tapped Mrs. Delacroix on the arm as a farewell and
began to make her way through the crowd. The people separated good-humoredly to let
her through: two or three people said. in voices just loud enough to be heard across the
crowd, “Here comes your, Missus, Hutchinson,” and “Bill, she made it after all.” Mrs.
Hutchinson reached her husband, and Mr. Summers, who had been waiting, said
cheerfully. “Thought we were going to have to get on without you, Tessie.” Mrs.
Hutchinson said. grinning, “Wouldn’t have me leave m’dishes in the sink, now, would you.
Joe?,” and soft laughter ran through the crowd as the people stirred back into position
after Mrs. Hutchinson’s arrival.
“Well, now.” Mr. Summers said soberly, “guess we better get started, get this over with,
so’s we can go back to work. Anybody ain’t here?”
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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson
“Dunbar.” several people said. “Dunbar. Dunbar.”
Mr. Summers consulted his list. “Clyde Dunbar.” he said. “That’s right. He’s broke his leg,
hasn’t he? Who’s drawing for him?”
“Me. I guess,” a woman said. and Mr. Summers turned to look at her. “Wife draws for her
husband.” Mr. Summers said. “Don’t you have a grown boy to do it for you, Janey?”
Although Mr. Summers and everyone else in the village knew the answer perfectly well, it
was the business of the official of the lottery to ask such questions formally. Mr. Summers
waited with an expression of polite interest while Mrs. Dunbar answered.
“Horace’s not but sixteen vet.” Mrs. Dunbar said regretfully. “Guess I gotta fill in for the
old man this year.”
“Right.” Sr. Summers said. He made a note on the list he was holding. Then he asked,
“Watson boy drawing this year?”
A tall boy in the crowd raised his hand. “Here,” he said. “I’m drawing for my mother and
me.” He blinked his eyes nervously and ducked his head as several voices in the crowd
said thin#s like “Good fellow, lack.” and “Glad to see your mother’s got a man to do it.”
“Well,” Mr. Summers said, “guess that’s everyone. Old Man Warner make it?”
“Here,” a voice said. and Mr. Summers nodded.
A sudden hush fell on the crowd as Mr. Summers cleared his throat and looked at the list.
“All ready?” he called. “Now, I’ll read the names–heads of families first–and the men
come up and take a paper out of the box. Keep the paper folded in your hand without
looking at it until everyone has had a turn. Everything clear?”
The people had done it so many times that they only half listened to the directions: most
of them were quiet. wetting their lips. not looking around. Then Mr. Summers raised one
hand high and said, “Adams.” A man disengaged himself from the crowd and came
forward. “Hi. Steve.” Mr. Summers said. and Mr. Adams said. “Hi. Joe.” They grinned at one
another humorlessly and nervously. Then Mr. Adams reached into the black box and took
out a folded paper. He held it firmly by one corner as he turned and went hastily back to
his place in the crowd. where he stood a little apart from his family. not looking down at
his hand.
“Allen.” Mr. Summers said. “Anderson…. Bentham.”
“Seems like there’s no time at all between lotteries any more.” Mrs. Delacroix said to Mrs.
Graves in the back row.
“Seems like we got through with the last one only last week.”
“Time sure goes fast.– Mrs. Graves said.
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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson
“Clark…. Delacroix”
“There goes my old man.” Mrs. Delacroix said. She held her breath while her husband
went forward.
“Dunbar,” Mr. Summers said, and Mrs. Dunbar went steadily to the box while one of the
women said. “Go on. Janey,” and another said, “There she goes.”
“We’re next.” Mrs. Graves said. She watched while Mr. Graves came around from the side
of the box, greeted Mr. Summers gravely and selected a slip of paper from the box. By
now, all through the crowd there were men holding the small folded papers in their large
hand. turning them over and over nervously Mrs. Dunbar and her two sons stood
together, Mrs. Dunbar holding the slip of paper.
“Harburt…. Hutchinson.”
“Get up there, Bill,” Mrs. Hutchinson said. and the people near her laughed.
“Jones.”
“They do say,” Mr. Adams said to Old Man Warner, who stood next to him, “that over in
the north village they’re talking of giving up the lottery.”
Old Man Warner snorted. “Pack of crazy fools,” he said. “Listening to the young folks,
nothing’s good enough for them. Next thing you know, they’ll be wanting to go back to
living in caves, nobody work any more, live hat way for a while. Used to be a saying about
‘Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon.’ First thing you know, we’d all be eating stewed
chickweed and acorns. There’s always been a lottery,” he added petulantly. “Bad enough
to see young Joe Summers up there joking with everybody.”
“Some places have already quit lotteries.” Mrs. Adams said.
“Nothing but trouble in that,” Old Man Warner said stoutly. “Pack of young fools.”
“Martin.” And Bobby Martin watched his father go forward. “Overdyke…. Percy.”
“I wish they’d hurry,” Mrs. Dunbar said to her older son. “I wish they’d hurry.”
“They’re almost through,” her son said.
“You get ready to run tell Dad,” Mrs. Dunbar said.
Mr. Summers called his own name and then stepped forward precisely and selected a slip
from the box. Then he called, “Warner.”
“Seventy-seventh year I been in the lottery,” Old Man Warner said as he went through the
crowd. “Seventy-seventh time.”
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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson
“Watson” The tall boy came awkwardly through the crowd. Someone said, “Don’t be
nervous, Jack,” and Mr. Summers said, “Take your time, son.”
“Zanini.”
After that, there was a long pause, a breathless pause, until Mr. Summers. holding his slip
of paper in the air, said, “All right, fellows.” For a minute, no one moved, and then all the
slips of paper were opened. Suddenly, all the women began to speak at once, saving.
“Who is it?,” “Who’s got it?,” “Is it the Dunbars?,” “Is it the Watsons?” Then the voices began
to say, “It’s Hutchinson. It’s Bill,” “Bill Hutchinson’s got it.”
“Go tell your father,” Mrs. Dunbar said to her older son.
People began to look around to see the Hutchinsons. Bill Hutchinson was standing quiet,
staring down at the paper in his hand. Suddenly. Tessie Hutchinson shouted to Mr.
Summers. “You didn’t give him time enough to take any paper he wanted. I saw you. It
wasn’t fair!”
“Be a good sport, Tessie.” Mrs. Delacroix called, and Mrs. Graves said, “All of us took the
same chance.”
“Shut up, Tessie,” Bill Hutchinson said.
“Well, everyone,” Mr. Summers said, “that was done pretty fast, and now we’ve got to be
hurrying a little more to get done in time.” He consulted his next list. “Bill,” he said, “you
draw for the Hutchinson family. You got any other households in the Hutchinsons?”
“There’s Don and Eva,” Mrs. Hutchinson yelled. “Make them take their chance!”
“Daughters draw with their husbands’ families, Tessie,” Mr. Summers said gently. “You
know that as well as anyone else.”
“It wasn’t fair,” Tessie said.
“I guess not, Joe.” Bill Hutchinson said regretfully. “My daughter draws with her husband’s
family; that’s only fair. And I’ve got no other family except the kids.”
“Then, as far as drawing for families is concerned, it’s you,” Mr. Summers said in
explanation, “and as far as drawing for households is concerned, that’s you, too. Right?”
“Right,” Bill Hutchinson said.
“How many kids, Bill?” Mr. Summers asked formally.
“Three,” Bill Hutchinson said.
“There’s Bill, Jr., and Nancy, and little Dave. And Tessie and me.”
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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson
“All right, then,” Mr. Summers said. “Harry, you got their tickets back?”
Mr. Graves nodded and held up the slips of paper. “Put them in the box, then,” Mr.
Summers directed. “Take Bill’s and put it in.”
“I think we ought to start over,” Mrs. Hutchinson said, as quietly as she could. “I tell you it
wasn’t fair. You didn’t give him time enough to choose. Everybody saw that.”
Mr. Graves had selected the five slips and put them in the box. and he dropped all the
papers but those onto the ground. where the breeze caught them and lifted them off.
“Listen, everybody,” Mrs. Hutchinson was saying to the people around her.
“Ready, Bill?” Mr. Summers asked. and Bill Hutchinson, with one quick glance around at
his wife and children. nodded.
“Remember,” Mr. Summers said. “take the slips and keep them folded until each person
has taken one. Harry, you help little Dave.” Mr. Graves took the hand of the little boy, who
came willingly with him up to the box. “Take a paper out of the box, Davy.” Mr. Summers
said. Davy put his hand into the box and laughed. “Take just one paper.” Mr. Summers
said. “Harry, you hold it for him.” Mr. Graves took the child’s hand and removed the folded
paper from the tight fist and held it while little Dave stood next to him and looked up at
him wonderingly.
“Nancy next,” Mr. Summers said. Nancy was twelve, and her school friends breathed
heavily as she went forward switching her skirt, and took a slip daintily from the box “Bill,
Jr.,” Mr. Summers said, and Billy, his face red and his feet overlarge, near knocked the box
over as he got a paper out. “Tessie,” Mr. Summers said. She hesitated for a minute,
looking around defiantly. and then set her lips and went up to the box. She snatched a
paper out and held it behind her.
“Bill,” Mr. Summers said, and Bill Hutchinson reached into the box and felt around,
bringing his hand out at last with the slip of paper in it.
The crowd was quiet. A girl whispered, “I hope it’s not Nancy,” and the sound of the
whisper reached the edges of the crowd.
“It’s not the way it used to be.” Old Man Warner said clearly. “People ain’t the way they
used to be.”
“All right,” Mr. Summers said. “Open the papers. Harry, you open little Dave’s.”
Mr. Graves opened the slip of paper and there was a general sigh through the crowd as he
held it up and everyone could see that it was blank. Nancy and Bill. Jr.. opened theirs at
the same time. and both beamed and laughed. turning around to the crowd and holding
their slips of paper above their heads.
“Tessie,” Mr. Summers said. There was a pause, and then Mr. Summers looked at Bill
Hutchinson, and Bill unfolded his paper and showed it. It was blank.
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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson
“It’s Tessie,” Mr. Summers said, and his voice was hushed. “Show us her paper. Bill.”
Bill Hutchinson went over to his wife and forced the slip of paper out of her hand. It had a
black spot on it, the black spot Mr. Summers had made the night before with the heavy
pencil in the coal company office. Bill Hutchinson held it up, and there was a stir in the
crowd.
“All right, folks.” Mr. Summers said. “Let’s finish quickly.”
Although the villagers had forgotten the ritual and lost the original black box, they still
remembered to use stones. The pile of stones the boys had made earlier was ready; there
were stones on the ground with the blowing scraps of paper that had come out of the box
Delacroix selected a stone so large she had to pick it up with both hands and turned to
Mrs. Dunbar. “Come on,” she said. “Hurry up.”
Mr. Dunbar had small stones in both hands, and she said. gasping for breath. “I can’t run
at all. You’ll have to go ahead and I’ll catch up with you.”
The children had stones already. And someone gave little Davy Hutchinson few pebbles.
Tessie Hutchinson was in the center of a cleared space by now, and she held her hands
out desperately as the villagers moved in on her. “It isn’t fair,” she said. A stone hit her on
the side of the head. Old Man Warner was saying, “Come on, come on, everyone.” Steve
Adams was in the front of the crowd of villagers, with Mrs. Graves beside him.
“It isn’t fair, it isn’t right,” Mrs. Hutchinson screamed, and then they were upon her.
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Discussion Questions:
1. Were you surprised by the ending of the story? If not, at what point did you know what
was going to happen? How does Jackson start to foreshadow the ending in paragraphs 2
and 3? Conversely, how does Jackson lull us into thinking that this is just an ordinary
story with an ordinary town?
2. Where does the story take place? In what way does the setting affect the story? Does it
make you more or less likely to anticipate the ending?
3. In what ways are the characters differentiated from one another? Looking back at the
story, can you see why Tessie Hutchinson is singled out as the “winner”?
4. What are some examples of irony in this story? For example, why might the title, “The
Lottery,” or the opening description in paragraph one, be considered ironic?
5. Jackson gives interesting names to a number of her characters. Explain the possible
allusions, irony or symbolism of some of these:
● Delacroix
● Graves
● Summers
● Bentham
● Hutchinson
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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson
● Warner ● Martin
7. Take a close look at Jackson’s description of the black wooden box (paragraph 5) and
of the black spot on the fatal slip of paper (paragraph 72). What do these objects suggest
to you? Why is the black box described as “battered”? Are there any other symbols in the
story?
8. What do you understand to be the writer’s own attitude toward the lottery and the
stoning? Exactly what in the story makes her attitude clear to us?
9. This story satirizes a number of social issues, including the reluctance of people to
reject outdated traditions, ideas, rules, laws, and practices. What kinds of traditions,
practices, laws, etc. might “The Lottery” represent?
10. This story was published in 1948, just after World War II. What other cultural or
historical events, attitudes, institutions, or rituals might Jackson be satirizing in this
story?
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